PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 38

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Climate change refers to the long-term alteration of Earth’s climate patterns and temperature, which is largely caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes that release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These gases, including carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, trap heat from the sun and cause the planet to warm up, resulting in changes to weather patterns, sea levels, and ecosystems.

The effects of climate change are already being felt around the world, with rising temperatures causing more frequent and severe heatwaves, droughts, and wildfires, as well as more intense storms, flooding, and sea level rise. These changes are not only a threat to human life and livelihoods but also to the survival of many plant and animal species.

To address climate change, global efforts are underway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to cleaner forms of energy such as wind, solar, and hydroelectric power. This will require significant changes in the way we produce and consume energy, as well as changes in transportation, agriculture, and other sectors. Additionally, measures to adapt to the impacts of climate change, such as building sea walls and implementing drought-resistant farming practices, will also be necessary.

Climate change is a complex and pressing issue that requires urgent action from individuals, governments, and businesses alike to protect our planet and ensure a sustainable future.

Answer: Climate change is caused by human activities such as burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes that release greenhouse gases. It is already causing heat waves, droughts, wildfires, storms, flooding, and sea level rise. To address it, global efforts are underway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to cleaner forms of energy. Measures to adapt to the impacts of climate change are necessary.

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