PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 44

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Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

One of the most exciting scientific advancements in recent years has been the development of gene editing technologies such as CRISPR-Cas9. These tools allow scientists to make precise changes to an organism’s genetic code, opening up new possibilities for medical treatments, agricultural improvements, and even the creation of new organisms.

CRISPR-Cas9 works by using a protein called Cas9 and a guide RNA molecule to target a specific location in an organism’s DNA. Once the location has been identified, Cas9 cuts the DNA, allowing scientists to add, delete, or replace specific genes. This technology has the potential to revolutionize medicine by allowing scientists to develop targeted gene therapies for a wide range of diseases.

In addition to medical applications, gene editing also holds promise for improving agricultural practices. Scientists can use gene editing to make crops more resistant to pests, drought, and other environmental stressors, reducing the need for pesticides and improving food security. Gene editing can also be used to create new varieties of crops with improved nutritional content or longer shelf lives.

However, gene editing also raises ethical questions, particularly when it comes to editing the genomes of human embryos. While some argue that gene editing could be used to prevent genetic diseases and disabilities, others worry about the potential for eugenics and the creation of “designer babies.” There is also the question of who will have access to gene editing technologies and how they will be regulated.

Despite these ethical concerns, gene editing technologies like CRISPR-Cas9 hold immense potential for improving human health, advancing scientific knowledge, and creating new solutions to pressing problems. As scientists continue to explore the possibilities of gene editing, it will be important to consider the ethical implications and ensure that these technologies are used responsibly and for the benefit of all.

Answer: Gene editing technologies such as CRISPR-Cas9 allow scientists to make precise changes to an organism’s genetic code, opening up new possibilities for medical treatments, agricultural improvements, and even the creation of new organisms.

This technology has the potential to revolutionize medicine by allowing scientists to develop targeted gene therapies for a wide range of diseases.

However, it also raises ethical questions, particularly when it comes to editing the genomes of human embryos. It is important to consider the ethical implications and ensure that these technologies are used responsibly and for the benefit of all.

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