PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 162

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Understanding the Causes of Rising Teenage Depression

Teenage depression is a complex issue influenced by a combination of biological, psychological, social, and environmental factors.

Biologically, hormonal changes during adolescence can contribute to mood swings and emotional instability, making teenagers more vulnerable to depression. Genetic predisposition also plays a role, as individuals with a family history of depression are at a higher risk.

Psychologically, teenagers face immense pressure to succeed academically, socially, and in extracurricular activities. High expectations from parents, teachers, and peers, coupled with fear of failure and perfectionism, can lead to feelings of inadequacy and stress, contributing to depression.

Socially, teenagers may experience bullying, peer rejection, or social isolation, which can undermine self-esteem and exacerbate feelings of loneliness and despair. Moreover, exposure to traumatic events, such as loss of a loved one, divorce, or abuse, can trigger depression in vulnerable individuals.

Environmental factors, such as socioeconomic disparities, family dysfunction, substance abuse, or lack of access to mental health resources, also contribute to teenage depression. Socioeconomic stressors, like poverty or housing instability, can create additional challenges and exacerbate mental health issues.

Furthermore, the pervasive influence of social media and digital technology has been linked to rising rates of depression among teenagers. Excessive screen time, cyberbullying, and unrealistic social comparisons can negatively impact self-esteem and mental well-being.

In conclusion, teenage depression is a multifaceted issue with diverse causes. Addressing the underlying factors requires a holistic approach that encompasses biological, psychological, social, and environmental factors, as well as efforts to promote mental health awareness, early intervention, and access to support services for teenagers.


Understanding the causes of rising teenage depression involves recognizing the interplay of biological, psychological, social, and environmental factors, including hormonal changes, academic and social pressures, traumatic experiences, socioeconomic disparities, and the influence of digital technology and social media, necessitating a holistic approach to prevention and intervention efforts.