PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 163

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Unraveling the Causes of Suicidal Thoughts

Suicidal thoughts stem from a complex interplay of psychological, social, biological, and environmental factors, often exacerbated by feelings of hopelessness, despair, and emotional pain.

Psychological factors play a significant role in suicidal ideation, with conditions such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and substance abuse increasing the risk. Individuals struggling with mental health disorders may experience overwhelming emotions, distorted thinking patterns, and a sense of worthlessness, leading to thoughts of self-harm or suicide as a means of escape from their suffering.

Social factors, such as relationship conflicts, social isolation, bullying, or experiences of trauma and abuse, can also contribute to suicidal thoughts. Feelings of loneliness, rejection, and lack of social support can intensify feelings of despair and increase vulnerability to suicidal ideation.

Biological factors, including genetic predisposition, neurochemical imbalances, and alterations in brain structure and function, may further heighten the risk of suicidal thoughts. Genetic factors can influence susceptibility to mental health disorders, while neurobiological changes can affect mood regulation and impulse control.

Environmental factors, such as stressful life events, financial difficulties, loss of a loved one, or chronic illness, can trigger or exacerbate suicidal ideation. Adverse childhood experiences, including neglect, parental substance abuse, or childhood trauma, may also contribute to long-term psychological distress and increase the risk of suicidal behavior later in life.

Overall, suicidal thoughts are multifaceted and complex, with various factors interacting to increase vulnerability. Addressing the underlying causes of suicidal ideation requires a comprehensive approach that encompasses mental health awareness, early intervention, access to support services, and the promotion of resilience and coping strategies.


Unraveling the causes of suicidal thoughts reveals a complex interplay of psychological conditions such as depression and anxiety, social factors like relationship conflicts and social isolation, biological factors including genetic predisposition and neurochemical imbalances, and environmental stressors such as trauma and chronic illness, highlighting the multifaceted nature of suicidal ideation and the need for comprehensive prevention and intervention strategies.