PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 166

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Understanding the Causes of Sibling Rivalry

Sibling rivalry is a common phenomenon characterized by competition, jealousy, and conflict between siblings. Several factors contribute to the development of sibling rivalry within families.

Firstly, sibling rivalry often arises from the natural desire for attention and parental approval. Siblings may vie for their parents’ affection, recognition, and resources, leading to feelings of jealousy and resentment towards one another.

Moreover, differences in temperament, personality, and interests can fuel sibling rivalry. Siblings may perceive each other as rivals when they feel overshadowed by a sibling’s achievements or personality traits. Additionally, birth order dynamics, such as the oldest child feeling pressured to set an example or the youngest child seeking attention through rebellious behavior, can exacerbate sibling rivalry.

Family dynamics and parenting styles also play a role in shaping sibling relationships. Favoritism, unequal treatment, or inconsistent discipline can foster feelings of injustice and competition among siblings. Additionally, parental modeling of conflict resolution and communication skills influences how siblings navigate conflicts and disagreements.

Furthermore, external stressors such as parental divorce, financial difficulties, or family disruptions can intensify sibling rivalry. Changes in family dynamics or routines may disrupt sibling relationships and increase tension and conflict.

In conclusion, sibling rivalry arises from a combination of factors, including competition for parental attention, differences in temperament and personality, family dynamics, and external stressors. Understanding the underlying causes of sibling rivalry is crucial for promoting healthy sibling relationships and fostering cooperation, empathy, and mutual respect among siblings.


Understanding the causes of sibling rivalry involves recognizing factors such as competition for parental attention, differences in temperament, family dynamics, and external stressors, highlighting the importance of promoting healthy sibling relationships through cooperation, empathy, and mutual respect.