PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 167

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Investigating the Causes of Heart Diseases

Heart diseases, encompassing conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias, are multifactorial in nature, with several risk factors contributing to their development.

One of the primary causes of heart diseases is unhealthy lifestyle habits, including poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.

Diets high in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium increase the risk of atherosclerosis, a condition characterized by the buildup of plaque in the arteries, restricting blood flow to the heart. Sedentary lifestyles and physical inactivity further exacerbate this risk by contributing to obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, all of which are significant risk factors for heart diseases.

Genetic factors also play a role in predisposing individuals to heart diseases. Family history of heart diseases, particularly at a young age, increases the likelihood of developing similar conditions due to inherited traits and genetic predispositions.

Moreover, certain medical conditions and chronic diseases contribute to the development of heart diseases. These include hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. These conditions place additional strain on the heart and cardiovascular system, increasing the risk of heart diseases over time.

Environmental factors, such as air pollution, exposure to toxins, and chronic stress, can also impact heart health. Long-term exposure to air pollutants, such as particulate matter and carbon monoxide, can contribute to inflammation and oxidative stress, damaging blood vessels and increasing the risk of heart diseases.

In conclusion, heart diseases have multifaceted causes, encompassing a combination of lifestyle factors, genetic predisposition, medical conditions, and environmental influences. Understanding these underlying causes is crucial for implementing preventive measures and promoting heart-healthy behaviors to reduce the risk of heart diseases and improve cardiovascular health.


Investigating the causes of heart diseases reveals a multifaceted interplay of factors including unhealthy lifestyle habits, genetic predisposition, medical conditions, and environmental influences such as air pollution and chronic stress, emphasizing the importance of preventive measures and heart-healthy behaviors to mitigate risk and improve cardiovascular health.