PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 189

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Balancing Automation and Employment in the Modern Workplace

The debate over whether companies should prioritize hiring human workers over using autonomous machines is multifaceted, encompassing considerations of efficiency, ethics, and socioeconomic impact. While automation offers undeniable benefits in terms of productivity and cost-effectiveness, it also raises concerns about job displacement and societal implications.

Advocates for prioritizing human workers argue that employment provides not only financial stability but also a sense of purpose and fulfillment. Human labor brings adaptability, creativity, and emotional intelligence to tasks that machines cannot replicate. Furthermore, maintaining a workforce contributes to local economies, supports families, and fosters social cohesion.

However, the rapid advancement of autonomous machines presents compelling arguments for their integration into the workforce. Automation can streamline processes, reduce errors, and increase output, ultimately benefiting companies and consumers alike. Additionally, it can eliminate dangerous or mundane tasks, improving workplace safety and employee satisfaction.

Ultimately, the key lies in finding a balance between automation and human labor. Companies should prioritize human workers where their unique skills are indispensable, while leveraging autonomous machines to enhance efficiency and innovation. Furthermore, proactive measures such as retraining programs and social safety nets can mitigate the potential negative impact of automation on employment, ensuring a more equitable transition to the future of work.


The debate over prioritizing human workers over autonomous machines in the workplace is complex, weighing the benefits of human labor’s adaptability and emotional intelligence against the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of automation, highlighting the need for a balanced approach that values both while addressing concerns about job displacement and societal impact.