PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 213

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

A Comparative Analysis of Immigration Policies: United States vs. Canada

The immigration policies of the United States and Canada differ significantly in their approaches to welcoming immigrants and managing migration flows.

In the United States, immigration policies have historically focused on family reunification, employment-based migration, and humanitarian admissions. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 abolished the national origins quota system, prioritizing family reunification and skilled labor immigration. However, recent years have seen a shift towards stricter enforcement measures, including increased border security, heightened deportations, and attempts to restrict legal immigration through executive orders and legislative proposals.

Conversely, Canada’s immigration policies prioritize economic immigration, family reunification, and refugee resettlement. The Canadian government operates a points-based immigration system, the Express Entry program, which evaluates candidates based on factors such as age, education, work experience, language proficiency, and adaptability. Additionally, Canada has a robust refugee resettlement program and maintains a commitment to humanitarian principles, welcoming refugees and asylum seekers fleeing persecution and conflict.

While both countries face challenges related to immigration, such as managing integration, addressing asylum claims, and ensuring border security, their approaches reflect differing values, priorities, and historical contexts. The United States’ immigration policies are influenced by concerns over national security, economic competitiveness, and cultural identity, whereas Canada’s policies emphasize diversity, inclusivity, and economic prosperity through immigration.


The immigration policies of the United States prioritize family reunification, employment-based migration, and humanitarian admissions but have recently shifted towards stricter enforcement measures, while Canada’s policies focus on economic immigration, family reunification, and refugee resettlement, operating a points-based system and maintaining a commitment to diversity and inclusivity.