PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 214

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Events Leading to World War I

World War I, also known as the Great War, was sparked by a complex web of political tensions, military alliances, and territorial disputes that culminated in a global conflict.

One of the key events that led to World War I was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. The assassination, carried out by a Bosnian Serb nationalist, ignited a chain reaction of diplomatic crises and ultimatums between European powers.

Another significant factor was the system of military alliances that divided Europe into two opposing blocs: the Triple Entente (comprising France, Russia, and Britain) and the Triple Alliance (comprising Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy). When Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia in response to the assassination, Russia mobilized its forces to support Serbia, leading Germany to declare war on Russia and its ally, France.

The escalation of tensions was exacerbated by colonial rivalries, economic competition, and nationalist aspirations, further fueling the march towards war. The intricate network of alliances and escalating militarism created a volatile environment that ultimately erupted into global conflict when Germany invaded Belgium on August 4, 1914, drawing Britain into the fray.

In conclusion, the events leading to World War I were a culmination of political, military, and economic factors that spiraled out of control, resulting in one of the deadliest conflicts in human history. The lessons learned from this catastrophic war continue to shape international relations and efforts to prevent similar conflicts in the future.


The events leading to World War I were triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, escalating tensions between European powers due to military alliances, colonial rivalries, economic competition, and nationalist aspirations, culminating in a global conflict.