PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 238

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

The Role of Sodium in Health

Sodium, a mineral found in salt and various foods, plays a crucial role in bodily functions such as fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction. However, excessive sodium intake has been linked to several health concerns.

High sodium consumption is associated with hypertension (high blood pressure), a leading risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Excess sodium can cause the body to retain water, increasing blood volume and straining the cardiovascular system over time.

Moreover, a diet high in sodium may contribute to other health issues such as osteoporosis, stomach cancer, and kidney stones. Excessive sodium intake can lead to calcium loss in urine, weakening bones and increasing the risk of fractures.

While sodium is essential for health, the key lies in maintaining a balance. The World Health Organization recommends limiting sodium intake to less than 2 grams per day, equivalent to about one teaspoon of salt. This can be achieved by reducing the consumption of processed and packaged foods, which are often high in sodium, and opting for fresh, whole foods instead.

In conclusion, while sodium is necessary for bodily functions, excessive intake can have detrimental effects on health, particularly concerning cardiovascular health. It’s crucial to be mindful of sodium intake and strive for a balanced diet to support overall well-being.


Sodium, essential for bodily functions like fluid balance and nerve transmission, poses health risks when consumed excessively, contributing to conditions such as hypertension and osteoporosis, emphasizing the importance of maintaining a balanced diet with limited sodium intake.