PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 240

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

Bioethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering

In the era of genetic engineering, humanity stands at the precipice of unprecedented possibilities for human enhancement. While the potential for improving health, intelligence, and longevity is tantalizing, it raises profound moral questions that require a robust ethical framework.

One central ethical concern revolves around the concept of “designer babies.” Genetic engineering technologies allow parents to select specific traits for their offspring, from physical appearance to cognitive abilities. This power to shape the genetic destiny of future generations challenges notions of individual autonomy, consent, and the sanctity of life.

Another critical issue is genetic discrimination. As genetic information becomes more accessible, the risk of discrimination based on one’s genetic makeup increases. Ensuring equal opportunities and protections for individuals regardless of their genetic profile is an ethical imperative.

Furthermore, distinguishing between therapy and enhancement in genetic interventions is essential. While addressing genetic disorders is widely accepted, the ethics of enhancing traits beyond normal human limits are debated. Defining the boundaries of responsible genetic enhancement requires careful ethical consideration.

In this age of genetic engineering, a moral compass is needed to navigate the ethical complexities. It involves respecting individual autonomy, safeguarding against discrimination, and promoting transparency in genetic interventions. Bioethics must guide the responsible use of these powerful tools to ensure that human enhancement aligns with ethical principles and respects human dignity.


The passage examines the ethical dilemmas surrounding human enhancement, including concerns about ‘designer babies,’ genetic discrimination, and the distinction between therapy and enhancement, emphasizing the crucial role of bioethics in providing a moral framework to navigate these complexities while upholding principles of individual autonomy, nondiscrimination, and transparency in genetic interventions to ensure ethical and dignified human enhancement.