PTE Summarize Written Text Task Sample 280

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

The Environmental Causes of Smoking

While smoking is often perceived as an individual choice influenced by personal factors, environmental influences also play a significant role in shaping smoking behavior.

Firstly, social norms and peer pressure within social circles or communities can strongly influence smoking initiation and continuation. Individuals may feel compelled to smoke to fit in with peers or to conform to perceived social expectations, especially in environments where smoking is normalized or glamorized.

Secondly, exposure to tobacco advertising and marketing tactics in various environments, such as billboards, magazines, and movies, can promote smoking as a desirable or aspirational behavior. This exposure can create an environment conducive to smoking initiation, particularly among impressionable youth.

Furthermore, stressors in the environment, such as socioeconomic disparities, work-related stress, or living in areas with high tobacco availability, can contribute to smoking behavior as individuals may turn to smoking as a coping mechanism to alleviate stress or boredom.

Additionally, lack of smoke-free policies in public spaces and workplaces can create environments where smoking is permissible and readily accessible, making it easier for individuals to engage in smoking behavior.

In conclusion, the environmental causes of smoking encompass a complex interplay of social, cultural, economic, and policy factors. Addressing these environmental influences through comprehensive tobacco control measures, including smoke-free policies, restrictions on tobacco advertising, and community-based interventions, is essential in reducing smoking prevalence and promoting public health.


The environmental causes of smoking include social norms, peer pressure, tobacco advertising, stressors, and lack of smoke-free policies, emphasizing the need for comprehensive tobacco control measures to address these influences and reduce smoking prevalence for public health promotion.