Importance of Fundamental rights

You will have 20 minutes to plan, write and revise an essay about the topic below. Your response will be judged on how well you develop a position, organize your ideas, present supporting details, and control the elements of standard written English. You should write 200-300 words. 

Fundamental rights are the bedrock of a democratic society, serving as the cornerstone for the protection and empowerment of individuals. These rights are enshrined in the constitutions of democratic nations and are designed to ensure that every citizen enjoys certain inherent freedoms and protections.

In democratic societies, fundamental rights typically include the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, right to life and personal liberty, freedom of religion, and the right to education. These rights establish the framework for a just and equitable society, where individuals are treated with dignity and have the autonomy to make choices that shape their lives.

Fundamental rights are not absolute and may be subject to reasonable restrictions in the interest of public order, morality, or the sovereignty and integrity of the nation. The judiciary plays a crucial role in upholding and interpreting these rights, ensuring that they are not violated by the state or other individuals.

The concept of fundamental rights fosters the idea of a social contract between citizens and the state, wherein the state guarantees certain liberties and protections in exchange for the citizens’ adherence to laws and societal norms. This balance is fundamental to the functioning of a democratic society, promoting justice, equality, and individual freedoms. In essence, fundamental rights are the guardians of human dignity and liberty within the framework of a democratic and just society.