PTE Write Essay Task Sample 156

You will have 20 minutes to plan, write and revise an essay about the topic below. Your response will be judged on how well you develop a position, organize your ideas, present supporting details, and control the elements of standard written English. You should write 200-300 words. 

The White Revolution: Transforming Dairy Industry and Rural Livelihoods

The White Revolution, launched in the 1970s in India by the visionary leadership of Dr. Verghese Kurien, marked a revolutionary transformation in the dairy industry. Also known as Operation Flood, this ambitious program aimed to make India self-sufficient in milk production, empower rural farmers, and improve the overall economic condition of the dairy sector.

At the heart of the White Revolution was the establishment of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and the cooperative movement. Dr. Kurien’s innovative approach involved organizing small-scale dairy farmers into cooperatives, providing them with access to modern dairy technology, and creating an efficient milk procurement and processing system.

This decentralized model empowered farmers, ensuring they received a fair price for their milk and were actively involved in the decision-making processes of the cooperatives.

One of the key elements of the White Revolution was the introduction of crossbred high-yielding cattle breeds. The integration of these breeds significantly increased milk production per animal, contributing to a substantial rise in overall milk output.

Modern dairy processing facilities were also established, allowing for the production of diverse dairy products and ensuring the availability of quality milk to consumers.

The impact of the White Revolution on India’s dairy industry and rural livelihoods has been profound. The country transformed from a milk-deficient nation to one of the world’s largest milk producers. The cooperative model empowered millions of small-scale farmers, enhancing their socio-economic status and fostering rural development.

In conclusion, the White Revolution stands as a remarkable success story, showcasing how visionary leadership, innovative strategies, and community participation can bring about transformative change. Its legacy continues to shape India’s dairy sector, serving as a model for sustainable rural development and demonstrating the potential of cooperative movements in uplifting agricultural communities.