PTE Write Essay Task Sample 162

You will have 20 minutes to plan, write and revise an essay about the topic below. Your response will be judged on how well you develop a position, organize your ideas, present supporting details, and control the elements of standard written English. You should write 200-300 words. 

Evaluating the Impact: Earthquake versus Tsunami

Earthquakes and tsunamis both pose significant threats to coastal communities, but their consequences differ in terms of scope and severity.

Earthquakes, sudden and violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plate movements, can result in widespread destruction of buildings, infrastructure, and property.

The immediate aftermath may include collapsed structures, disrupted utilities, and loss of life. Furthermore, earthquakes can trigger secondary hazards such as landslides, liquefaction, and aftershocks, prolonging the recovery process and exacerbating the impact on affected populations.

Tsunamis, on the other hand, are large ocean waves generated by underwater disturbances, often triggered by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or landslides. Tsunamis can travel across vast distances at high speeds, inundating coastal areas with powerful surges of water.

The impact of a tsunami can be catastrophic, causing extensive flooding, coastal erosion, and widespread damage to coastal communities. The destructive force of tsunamis is amplified by the sheer volume and momentum of water, resulting in significant loss of life and displacement of populations.

While both earthquakes and tsunamis have devastating consequences, tsunamis tend to cause more extensive damage along coastlines due to the immense power and reach of the 3waves.

However, the severity of the impact ultimately depends on various factors, including the magnitude of the earthquake, the proximity of coastal communities to the epicenter, and the effectiveness of early warning systems and disaster preparedness measures.